Characteristics Addressed by UDL

UDL attempts to provide access to learning and educational materials to the widest possible audience. The tables below illustrate some common characteristics and how UDL might address them.

 

Physical Characteristics that may be addressed by UDL
Characteristic Examples UDL Approach
Size Height, Weight Use tables, more flexible desks, adjustable height lab stations
Mobility Ability to reach, bend, move from place to place Add ramps and elevator, place items at different heights
Manual Dexterity Left or right handed, impaired motors skills Have flexible computer stations and equipment, provide assistive technologies and interfaces
Sensory Characteristics that may be addressed by UDL
Characteristic Examples UDL Approach
Visual Impaired vision, color blindness, line of sight in classroom Improve visibility in classrooms, better website designs, support of screen readers for online materials, follow website design guidelines. Write neatly on whiteboards.
Auditory Impaired hearing, difficulty understanding accents or varying speech speeds Provide transcripts and captions, include visual cues on complex animations or video
Learning Style Characteristics that may be addressed by UDL
Characteristic Examples UDL Approach
Require additional learning support Need for alternative course material and formats Provide lecture outlines and notes, one-on-one consultations, provide a method for easy repetition of course materials such as online mini-lectures
Preferred Learning Modalities Visually oriented versus audio oriented learners Supply a variety of formats for course materials so students can choose the best solution for themselves
Attention Span Attention deficit disorder, Have breaks during long lectures, alternate between lecture approaches and course materials
Communication Characteristics that may be addressed by UDL
Characteristic Examples UDL Approach
Language barriers English as a second language, slang, techno babble Provide alternatives like text and audio, captions, etc. Include glossaries to define new or different terms
Comfort Zone Preference for text versus spoken information, ebooks versus paper texts, email versus telephone Be flexible in how students are contacted, find out what they prefer and attempt to accommodate their preference.
Usability Characteristics that may be addressed by UDL
Characteristic Examples UDL Approach
Ease of Use Difficulty navigating websites due to physical, learning disability, etc Use consistent, easy to follow nagivation of website or course materials,
Range of technological or literary skills Student discomfort with some technologies, Provide alternatives such as text and video content.