Jade plantCrassula ovata
- Spring and Fall – bright or dark green-colored, around 2” long, shiny, fleshy, thick, oval-shaped leaves
- Winter: olive green, sea green, bronze, red
- Blooms in response to long nights during June-August.
- Flowers are white to pink, small, star-shaped, fragrant, clustering, and dicotyledon with five petals.
- Fruit: fragrant, oval, up to 6mm long, have 3-5 follicles
- Seed: 30-50 seeds per fruit, small
CrassulaceaeSouth Africa (specifically Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal provinces) and South Africa
- Medium growth rate.
- Requires strong direct or partial sunlight.
- Succulent – requires little water
- Requires loamy soil with good drainage. Also, grows well in sandy and rocky soil.
- Can grow during mild winters.
- Requires a pH of 6-7.
- Whole Plant: Resembles a small tree.
- Stem and trunk: woody, nonfragrant, smooth
- Height: Can grow as large as 6 and 2’-3’ wide outdoors and 18”-30” tall as an indoor plant.
- Propagated from cuttings of mature stems or leaves
- Planting them stem-side down, stem or leaf clipping should be placed in a pot with rich soil, such as one part sterilized organic soil, one part sphagnum peat moss, and 3 parts sandy soil.
- Soil should have good drainage. Minimal watering while rooting the new plant.
- A.K.A. money tree or dollar plant.
- If grown in direct sunlight, the leaves will be outlined in a red tint.
- Classified as an evergreen shrub.
- Roots are edible (Khoi and African tribes eat them with milk)
- Attracts butterflies, bees, flies, and wasps.
- Susceptible to scale pests, mealybugs, aphids, and spider mites. (Using a cotton swab with rubbing alcohol on these pests can get rid of these pests).
- Susceptible to 10 fungal genera and 3 fungal species.
- May cause dermatitis in humans.
- Cultivars have been named after Lord of the Rings creatures, including “Golem” and “Hobbit.”
- Folk remedies: leaves used to treat warts, nausea
- Folk remedies (Africa): leaves used to treat epilepsy, diarrhea, corns, purge intestines
- Folk remedies (China): stone lotus variety leaves used to treat diabetes
- Genus Crassula comes from Latin crassus, which means thick and refers to its leaves. Species ovata means egg-shaped.
- First classified by botanist Philip Miller as Cotyledon ovata(Gardening Dictionary of 1768). Later, George Druce changed it to Crassula ovata in 1917.